Samuel and Associates

OTC sleep aids linked to dementia

OTC sleep aids A new study is raising concern about a connection between over the counter sleep medications and dementia. Researchers at the University of Washington analyze data from the histories of patient’s with dementia and identified a strong correlation between the use of certain medications and the development of dementia. They also identified a similar acting set of prescription drugs that may be a contributing risk factor.

Which drugs are they concerned about?

OTC sleep aidsThe main type of drug that was connected with a higher risk for dementia were drugs that had anticholinergic effects. There are some tricyclic antidepressants used that have this effect, but the greatest concern was found with the fact that one of the most common sleep aids and bronchilators carried the risk too. Diphenhydramine is a drug used in OTC sleep aids and antihistamines. There was a similar effect found with the first generation antihistamines and antimuscarinics as well.

The length of time is important

Professor Shelly Gray, the research team leader, cautioned people not to abandon their medication because of the report findings. Gray emphasized that while there is a correlation with dementia, there was also another determining factor which was the dose and duration of the use of each of the substances. For most of the anticholinergics, a daily dose of 25mg taken every day for 3 to 5 years would lead to the increased risk for dementia. For most people who only use the medications for temporary relief, there shouldn’t be any worries about their dementia risk increasing.

Why this news isn’t surprising

While these findings may come as a shock and surprise to the general public, it isn’t that surprising to the medical community. Anticholinergics have long been used to treat severe psychosis because in large doses they can effectively erase memory, specially after accidents which require a lawyer for personal injury It is the knowledge that low doses on a daily basis may also build up to have this effect that was not known before. While you should continue taking your medication as prescribed, it is a good idea to talk to your doctor about other possibilities for treatment so you do not raise your risk for dementia.

Exercise boosts brain power in early adulthood

Forget what you thought you knew about exercise for teens and young adults, a new study has confirmed that moderate exercise can significantly boost brain power in that age group. Researchers at the University of Otago recently completed an analysis of a large test group that looked at the impact of exercise on the young, and were shocked by the findings. There was a radical improvement in their focus and concentration abilities that had been previously detected.

Why would exercise help?

The new study looked at several different markers that took into account functioning, processing, reaction time while relating them to physiological markers in the brain. What they found is that 30 minutes of exercise done 5 days a week was enough to boost the oxygen levels in the brain while also increasing the amount of endorphins and other hormones released in the body. It had been previously thought that this oxygen effect didn’t have an impact on the young because their brains were still developing. Instead, they found that it has an almost stronger effect on the developing brain that that of the matured brain.

What can more oxygen do for your brain?

The level of oxygen present in the brain has been determined to affect some very important function and cognition abilities. It can help maintain multi-task focus (such as is needed with driving a car), but it also improves the ability to control impulses and perform cause and effect thinking. These functions are performed by very specific parts of the brain that are not fully developed until your mid-twenties. The increase of consistent oxygen levels can speed the ability of these areas to perform better while still growing.

The recommendations apply to all

The findings of this study are changing the recommendations that are given for daily exercise. The exercise level needed to see the greatest results was only moderate. Breathing patterns were identified as the most significant part of the exercise. You need to get to a cardio rate that promotes heavy breathing 5 days a week for 30 minutes. This type of cardio rate can be achieved with moderate exercise such as walking.

Airborne Antibiotic Resistance Communication Found

One of the main concerns about the mutation of viruses has been confirmed as a reality. Researchers from the University of Texas have documented the presence of airborne antibiotic resistance. This is the first time that airborne antibiotic resistance has been documented outside of a clinical setting, and as an airborne gene transmission, not an exposure factor. This stands to lead to important discoveries about the nature of how to develop vaccines that can keep up with the protective mutation cycles of viruses to insure better protection for the human and animal population.

The discovery around cows

Airbone Antibiotic ResistanceThe team of researchers took multiple air samples in the open air feeding areas for cows at their research ranch. They were able to detect airborne gene markers for antibiotic resistance that implied that gene introduction could come through contact with the mucous membranes of an animal. Over 95% of all the antibiotics used in the US or Canada by Winnipeg dentists are used with animals designated for food supply. The development of antibiotic resistance in the herds could drastically impact the cost and availability of food in the US. It also has broad reaching implications for the safety of the human population as well.

What we thought resistance was has changed

Prior to these findings, airborne antibiotic resistance was thought to be passed via contact of the mucous membranes with airborne particles directly from the infected animal. The findings show that the exhalations of resistant animals can contain the gene that has mutated to become resistant that can then become inhaled or ingested by other animals – thus creating resistance within them. While this can pose a threat to the safety and security of the food supply, it is also essential for finding ways to control the spread of airborne antibiotic resistance more effectively.

What it could lead to

This discovery could lead to new ways of controlling the spread of resistance among farm animals, but it could also change the infection protocols for humans as well. Knowing that the gene can be airborne, hospitals may alter how they interact with those who have resistance built up. The researchers are currently working to determine the lifespan of the airborne resistance factor.

Living A Healthy Lifestyle

Living a healthy lifestyle may mean eating nutritious foods, having a positive thinking and exercising more often or better yet, all the three. While lifestyles vary from person to person, incorporating healthy practices is paramount in enhancing your health status more so, mental and physical wellness. For one, you stand to avoid diseases and major health problems like cancer, heart attacks and diabetes.

Enhancing your health

Healthy LifestylePeople who engage in unhealthy habits like smoking, consuming alcohol, poor nutrition and inactivity are at risk of health deterioration and ultimately death. A balanced diet is necessary to maintain ideal body weight and optimum energy levels. Whole grains, fruits and vegetables, lean meat and healthy fats is important in enhancing body weight. Regular exercises too aid in improving strength and checking your bodybuilding levels. Though incorporating an exceptional diet and exercises lead to overall good health, there are other practices that enhances your body wellness. For instance having a positive thinking, reading books, socializing, resting more, traveling and participating in charity improves your quality of life.

Preventing diseases

While a poor diet may lead to health deterioration, physical inactivity is a major cause of chronic diseases like cancer. However, most health conditions can be managed through regular workouts all week, eating healthy foods and checking your general lifestyle choices. So be sure to avoid junk foods, drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes. Again you want to check your Body Mass Index or BMI and that it falls within the limits. Higher BMIs may indicate overweight and this is a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes, arthritis, hypertension and cardiovascular conditions. Prevention is better than cure and on that note, you want to make healthy lifestyle choices and keep chronic health conditions and diseases at bay.

Living long

While you may be focusing on living a healthy lifestyle, you are also improving the quality of your life. A quality life means living long. Making the right health choices ultimately adds years to what could presumable be if you had otherwise chosen to smoke, drink or eat unhealthy foods. The core ingredients to longevity includes managing stress levels, having regular mental examination as well as physical checkups. Regular health examinations aids doctors detect health problems early and administer treatment before it is too late. Be sure to ask your doctor or physicians of any lifestyle tips that can improve your life.

Managing stress

You mental health plays a key role is balancing your lifestyle. Stress can take a drastic toll on your health and quality of life. Learning how to manage stress is therefore key in leading a life free of mental problems. Eating a good diet and exercising regularly aids in keeping stress levels down. However, a stressful job, kids, financial issues and relationship or marriage can be a serious drawback to your mental health. So, devising ways to handle daily pressure and relieving anxiety can be helpful. Doing yoga and engaging in breathing techniques can prepare your brain ahead of a hectic day. Getting enough sleep is also important in improving your general health.

Tips And Advice On How To Stay Healthy And Well

Healthy DietBeing healthy is something most of us strive for each day; however, there are some who are unsure how to reach and maintain optimal health. One way is to eat balanced meals. By making food choices that are healthy, you can prevent or treat some conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and stroke. In addition, a healthy diet of fresh fruits, vegetables and lean meats, can help you get the weight off and lower your cholesterol.

Another way to obtain a healthy body and prevent certain health conditions is to exercise. Exercise can prevent a host of health problems such as diabetes and cancer. Exercise can also treat osteoporosis, depression and high blood pressure. In addition, routine exercise can also keep your weight under control and lower anxiety. For exercise to work, it is important to exercise for at least a half hour a day, five times a week.

Most importantly, if you are overweight, do what you can to get the weight off. Eating less and exercising more, are the most effective ways to lose weight. If this doesn’t work, talk with your doctor about other ways to lose weight. Being overweight can increase your risk for several health problems such as high blood pressure, heart disease, some cancers and gallbladder disease.

Staying out of the sun is another way to maintain good health. Too much exposure to the sun has been linked to skin cancer. Other ways to protect your skin is to wear protective clothing and use sunscreen. Also, most doctors and dermatologists agree, stay away from tanning booths.

Most importantly, practice safe sex. Safe sex is not only important to avoid sexually transmitted diseases, but is also good for your physical and emotional health. In addition, don’t smoke. Smoking can lead to various kinds of cancer such as mouth, throat and lung cancer. Smoking can also lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It is also advisable to limit the amount of alcohol you drink.

Besides all of the above suggestions, one should also make time for regular checkups with his or her doctor. Visits with your eye doctor, dermatologist and dentist should also be included. Women should get mammograms and pap smears and women and men should also have cancer screenings and that should include screening for colon cancer, beginning around 50. In addition, keep a list of current medicines that you are taking and take the list with you every time you see your doctor.

Keep in mind; there are several great benefits in being health and well such as controlling your weight, improving your mood, preventing certain diseases, boosting your energy and improving the length of your life.

To conclude, being healthy and well is something many strive for each day; however, there are some who are unsure how to reach and maintain wellness. Follow the above suggestions and enjoy good health! Your better health and wellness up to you. With the many benefits good health offers, it makes sense to eat balanced meals and exercise.